Sort map by it’s keys in go

Hi guys,
this is day 12 out of 100 days of code. I didn’t post for a while, because I did a small break for hackaton, but now I am back on track.

When you print a map using range function it will access elements in randomized order. So, if you want to print map in sorted order you have to sort keys first. See how:

Solution is to use additional array for keys and sort it in wished order.

Happy coding!

how to sort map values in go

Hi guys,
this is day 11 out of 100 days of go coding.

This time it is very short demo of go maps and simple sort by map values. Note that the example below will not work correctly if values has duplicates.

I believe this code has a lot of room for optimization, so if you know how please write me in comments or ping me in twitter with your version.

Happy coding everyone!

Example of using struct in go for beginners

Hi, this is day 9 out of 100 days of code in go.

Today I am playing with struct type. Struct is a go way to define custom types. Use it when standard types doesn’t suite you. Enough words, lets see code examples.

Classic example Employee type

ID and Name fields is quite obvious. Manager field is the same type as struct itself, so it must be a reference type and in our business logic will point to Manager data.

Lets create first employee

Struct fields are accessible using dot notation.

Lets define a manager now and improve print function, so it will print Manger if such exist

New employee manager is created the same way as first worker variable. When using a reference to new manager variable we assign a manager to worker.

PrintEmployee function has some changes too. First it has new check if Manager reference is not nil and if so using recursion it prints Manager data.

Lets add another Employee, so we will have 3 level management organization

Note that new cto variable is using struct literals to define fields values in variable initialization step.

Output of above will be 3 level organization structure:

That’s what you need to know about struct type to use it efficiently in you go programs.

Happy coding!

Source code at Github.

Transparent HTTP proxy with filter by user agent using golang

This is day 10 out of 100 Days of golang coding!

Idea for today is to build transparent http proxy with ability to filter traffic. As for a filter I will use user agent which is common practice to filter traffic.

So, for the task I have used two go modules: user_agent and goproxy:

First I have to setup a proxy and set a decide which hosts I want to match:

Regex “^.*$” is set to match all hosts.

Second I setup user agent parser and filter by bot and browser:

That’s all for coding. Now take a look at test cases:

Use case 1 – curl command no user agent set

Use case 2 – curl with normal browser user agent

In that case we have got requests from twitter server which was 301 to https.

Use case 3 – curl with bot user agent

Full version of proxy with verbose information of user agent parsing:

 

Source code available at GitHub.

Count words frequency reading standard input with go

Hi guys,
today is day 8 out of 100 days of code.

The task for today is to count words frequency reading data from stdin.  Input is scanned using bufio *Scanner with a split by words(ScanWords).
Lets see the code:

Results are stored in a map words. The property of map that it doesn’t have defined order of keys, so the bonus here is to sort words map by frequency of words(by values).

See source code at GitHub

Simple example of packages and imports in golang

This is day 7 out of 100 days of golang coding.

By requests of my friends this post is about packages, files and imports.

Packages in go is the same as modules and libraries in other languages. To make a package you need two decide two things: package path and package name.

In my example package name is helloworld and because it is day7 it is inside day7 folder. Full path looks like: github.com/vorozhko/go-tutor/day7/helloworld.
Full path is calculated based on $GOPATH variable which is ~/go by default, but can be set to any other in .bashrc file.

All files with the same package name will belong to one package and will share private and public variable like it is one single file. To make variable or function public it’s name must start with capital letter. Lets see an example:

hello.go

 

world.go

Function ‘say’ and constant  ‘prefix’ only visible inside package helloworld.
Function SayName will be visible outside of the package.

You can import new package from any place in your workspace using following code:

main.go

To import a package you have to use full path to the package relatively to your $GOPATH folder.
From here we can call helloworld.SayName, because it is visible outside of the package.

To manage imports in your go files it is recommended to use goimports tool. It will automatically insert package declaration in import as necessary. It also supported by many code editors.

 

very basic web crawler on golang

Hi guys,

this is day 6 out 100 days of code on go lang.

Following code implement recursive fetching of internal links on given web page.

What I want to do next is to add goroutines in action, because fetching process is nice to have run in parallel. Any suggestion how to do it?

Source code on github

Get all links from html page with go lang

Hi guys,
this is day 5 out of 100 days of code!

Today I have coded html href links parser. This is part of web crawler project about which I will post in following days.

checking current time with go lang channels

This is day 4 out of 100 days of code.
Two code snippets today. First is very simple go channel.
It get current system time and post it to a channel then on other end message retrieved out of the channel and printed.

Second code snippet is a program which check two strings for anagram. When one string is equal reverse of other it is anagram.

 

Recursive search through tree of files with golang

This is day 3 out of 100 days of code in go lang.

This code snippet does recursive search through directory tree. One improvement which can be made is to replace custom recursive function readFiles with filepath.Walk

Full code:

Source code at Github